• Genital herpes is cause by the virus called ‘Herpes simplex virus
• Most of people infected with genital herpes show no symptoms
• But most common symptom is small blisters that develop into small painful red sores
• Genital herpes is spread by skin-to-skin contact during genital or oral sex
• Kissing, foreplay or non-penetrate sex also has the risk of getting herpes
• Herpes is diagnosed with swap test
• If you have genital herpes, there is a tripple chance of getting HIV
• Practicing safe sex is the best way to help prevent herpes infection
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection that is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) — the same type of virus that causes cold sores.
Most people infected with genital herpes have no symptoms, but some people can experience:
• stinging or tingling in the genital area
• small blisters on the genital area that develop into small painful red sores
• sores that look like a rash or cracked skin on the genitals
• difficulty passing urine
The sores can appear on the parts of the skin that have contact with a partner during sex: the penis in men and the labia, clitoris and vulva in women. It is also possible to have sores in the anus or on the buttocks and inner thighs.
Genital herpes is spread by skin-to-skin contact with someone who has the HSV virus, usually during genital or oral sex. It can also be spread through kissing, foreplay or non-penetrative sex.
There are 2 types of HSV, both viruses can affect either the lips, mouth, genital or anal areas, however:
• HSV1 commonly causes cold sores on the lips or face.
• HSV2 causes most genital herpes.
The HSV virus is most easily spread when there are blisters or sores, but it can still be passed even if a person has no current blisters or sores or other symptoms.
Your doctor will take a swab from a blister or sore to check for herpes simplex virus. It is best if the blister is less than 4 days old.
Practicing safe sex is the best way to help prevent genital herpes infection.
It is safest to:
• always use condoms and dental dams, even when there are no sores or blisters present
• avoid sex when there are sores or blisters present
• avoid sex with someone who has any blisters, sores or other symptoms of genital herpes
Genital herpes and HIV have been shown to influence each other. Genital herpes infection increases the risk of acquiring a new HIV infection by approximately three-fold. In addition, people with both HIV and Genital herpes infection are more likely to spread HIV to others. Genital Herpes-2 is amongst the most common infections in people living with HIV, occurring in 60-90% of HIV-infected persons.
If you have genital herpes, it is important to always use condoms and dental dams when having sex, even when you have no symptoms.
TESTBKK-Clinic for STIs which provide useful information and provide fast and reliable STIs test
Bamrasnaradura Infectious Diseases Institute-Hospital which specialized in STIs
Herpes: Hsv-1 and hsv-2. Johns Hopkins Medicine. (n.d.). Retrieved September 10, 2021, from https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/herpes-hsv1-and-hsv2.
World Health Organization. (n.d.). Herpes simplex virus. World Health Organization. Retrieved September 10, 2021, from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/herpes-simplex-virus.
ข้อมูลในเว็บไซต์ TestBKK เป็นเพียงข้อมูลแนะนำทั่วไปเท่านั้น ไม่ใช่คำแนะนำทางการแพทย์ ถ้าต้องการคำแนะนำเรื่องยาอี คุณควรปรึกษาแพทย์ผู้เชี่ยวชาญ
Herpes: Hsv-1 and hsv-2. Johns Hopkins Medicine. (n.d.). https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/herpes-hsv1-and-hsv2.
เข้าถึงเมื่อวันที่ 10 กันยายน 2561
World Health Organization. (n.d.). Herpes simplex virus. World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/herpes-simplex-virus.
เข้าถึงเมื่อวันที่ 10 กันยายน 2561