Undetectable = Untransmittable

When a person living with HIV is taking effective antiretroviral therapy, the amount of HIV in the body (known as viral load) becomes so low that it is undetectable. A person with an undetectable viral load has no chance of passing on HIV.

If you are living with HIV, the most important thing is that taking ART regularly will keep you healthy and protect your sexual partners. When you take your ART every day, the amount of HIV in your blood can become so low that a standard test cannot detect it. When your HIV is ‘undetectable’, you will not pass HIV to your sexual partners.

If you are living with HIV, adherence to your ART is the most important thing you can do to stay healthy and protect your sexual partners. When you take your ART every day, the amount of HIV in your blood can become so low that a standard test cannot detect it. When your HIV is ‘undetectable’, you will not pass HIV to your sexual partners. 

ART works by decreasing HIV levels in your blood so low that standard blood tests cannot detect it. When this happens, your HIV is ‘undetectable’. The only way to keep your HIV undetectable is to continue taking your medicine everyday.

When your HIV is ‘undetectable’, you will not pass HIV through sexual intercourse. However, if you are injecting drugs, never share needles or injection equipment with anyone else. Even if your HIV is ‘undetectable’, you can still pass HIV if you share needles or injection equipment with others. 

Adherence to ART will decrease your HIV levels that a standard test cannot detect it. Before your HIV is undetectable, you should always use condoms when you have sex. When you are in a relationship and your partner is HIV-negative, you may want to talk about Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP). PrEP is a medication people without HIV can take to reduce their chance of getting HIV.

You’re considered undetectable when your viral load is less than 50 copies per milliliter of blood. The only way to know the number of your viral load is by taking a lab test. Thai citizens are also annually provided 2 viral load tests for free in designated public hospitals.

There is no definitive answer as to
how long a person needs to be taking antiretroviral medicines before they become virally suppressed and have essentially zero risk of transmitting HIV. 

To maintain an undetectable viral load,
When a person living with HIV is taking effective antiretroviral therapy, the viral load becomes so low that it is undetectable (less than 50 copies per millilitre of blood).

Routine viral load monitoring can be carried out at 6 months, at 12 months and then every 12 months thereafter if the patient is stable on ART 

It is recommended having an undetectable viral load for six months before relying on 100% protection from U=U. This cautious approach is why guidelines refer to being on stable ART.

No. If you are undetectable it does not mean you are cured or free of HIV. It simply means that the treatment has stopped the virus from replicating and transmitting to others.

If you stop taking your meds, HIV will be back damaging your immune system. Your health may deteriorate and your risk of passing on HIV dramatically increases. The risk of the HIV in your body becoming drug-resistant will also increase.

Having undetectable HIV does not mean your HIV has been cured. You have to take your medicine every day. Adherence to ART is the key to remain an ‘undetectable’ viral load. Getting and keeping an undetectable viral load is the best thing you can do to stay healthy and protect your partners.

Make sure you visit the health clinic regularly, and do not miss your appointments. Make your Viral Load Testing regular by having tests every year. Routine viral load monitoring can be carried out at 6 months, at 12 months and then every 12 months thereafter if the patient is stable on ART

No, it is not the same

Viral Load

A measure of the amount of HIV in the body 

 

CD4 Test: 

A measure of  CD4 cells, also known as T cells, in your blood that fight infection and play an important role in your immune system

When your HIV is ‘undetectable’, you will not pass HIV through sexual intercourse. However, if you are injecting drugs, never share needles or injection equipment with anyone else. Even if your HIV is ‘undetectable’, you can still pass HIV if you share needles or injection equipment with others. 

Adherence to ART will decrease your HIV levels that a standard test cannot detect it. Before your HIV is undetectable, you should always use condoms when you have sex. When you are in a relationship and your partner is HIV-negative, you may want to talk

Having an undetectable viral load for at least six months and continuing to stay on medication means you are not putting your partner at risk. There is no moral or legal imperative in Thailand to disclose when you are not putting your partner at risk. However, you may want to consider the pluses and minuses of disclosing for you and your partner. A partner may become upset if they learn about your status after sexual interaction and it can cause unnecessary interpersonal consequences even when there is no risk of transmission. However, if you have a disease or condition that is sexually transmissible, i.e. HIV to take reasonable precautions against transmitting the condition to others.

Research indicates that the risk of picking up another strain of HIV is incredibly rare when both of you are undetectable. However, there are other things you should think about – the possibility of STI transmission and/or when your or his last viral load test was.