Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

Don’t panic when you see someone unconscious, you need to stay calm and help as much as you can before the emergency response arrives. Remember, every second counts.

The CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a procedure that helps resuscitate life. It is an emergency lifesaving procedure performed when the heart stops beating.

When you see an unconscious person, check the premise to see if it is safe to go in there, like checking for a short circuit that might get you electrocuted.
Try to wake up the patient with a loud voice and a pad on the shoulder, if the patient is conscious and is able to breathe, then put the patient on their sides, but if the patient is not breathing, then call 1669 and prepare to do CPR immediately. If there is an AED machine around please use it.



  • Watch out for the signs Pale or bluish skin and snoring or difficulty with breathing can mean someone has gone over.
  • Tap them on the shoulders and gently shake. If they do not respond you need to take action.
  • Open their airway so that they can breathe. Carefully tilt their head backwards and lift their chin.
  • Look, listen and feel to see if they are breathing.
  • If they have stopped breathing, they need CPR and an ambulance right away. 

If the person is not breathing, please follow the process.

Don’t panic. Call 1669 for an ambulance right away. Tell them someone has stopped breathing.

Chest compressions and rescue breaths (CPR) can keep them alive until help arrives. Give 30 short, firm compressions in the centre of the chest. Push down 5 or 6 cm (2 inches). Chest compressions are the most important part of CPR.

2 Breaths 30 compressions, give 2 rescue breaths. Hold their nose, blow steadily into their mouth then release the nose. If you cannot give rescue breaths or are not sure what to do, just continue to give chest compressions. 5 2 BREATHS


Keep giving 30 compressions then 2 breaths until the ambulance arrives or the person recovers.

If there’s a nearby AED machine, open the shirt of the patient, stick the AED pad on to the chest near the right collarbone and the left chest. After installing the pad, there must be no physical contact with the patient.

Follow the AED instructions carefully, if the instruction says to give electrical shock then press the shock button. Immediately give chest compression and if the instruction does not require an electrical shock then keep continuing to do chest compression.

Give CPR and follow the instructions of the AED machine until emergency response arrives.